Unintentional Injury

Resource scenario archive

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External Resource

End Family Fire

Resources and recommendations on how to prevent a family fire- a shooting involving an improperly stored or misused gun in the home that results in injury or death.

Peer-Reviewed Article

Safe Firearm Storage: A Call for Research Informed by Firearm Stakeholders

Beidas, R. S., Rivara, F., and Rowhani-Rahbar, A.
Pediatrics, 2020.

A call to action for needed research informed by firearm stakeholders to help clinicians make acceptable, adoptable recommendations of ways to safely store firearms and reduce risk of injury and mortality.

Peer-Reviewed Article

Prevention of firearm injuries with gun safety devices and safe storage: An Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma Systematic Review

Violano, P., Bonne, S., Duncan, T., et al.
The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Violano, P., Bonne, S., Duncan, T., et al.

A study examining the manner of firearm storage at home and the differences in outcomes of intentional and unintentional injuries involving a firearm.

Peer-Reviewed Article

What Are Parents Willing to Discuss with Their Pediatrician About Firearm Safety? A Parental Survey

Garbutt, J. M., Bobenhouse, N., Dodd, S., et al.
The Journal of Pediatrics, 2016

This paper finds that focusing on firearm injury prevention strategies during parental counseling can be more effective than direct interrogation.

External Resource

Safe Firearms Storage

The National Crime Prevention Council and the Advertising Council’s public education campaign encourages firearm owners to store firearms safely.

Peer-Reviewed Article

“Is there a gun in the home?” Assessing the Risks of Gun Ownership in Older Adults

Pinholt, E.M., Mitchell, J.D., Butler, J.H., et al.
Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 2014

Given that the highest rate of gun ownership in America in in those who are 65 and older, this paper focuses on the importance of addressing safe gun ownership in the elderly population.

Peer-Reviewed Article

Effectiveness of Interventions to Promote Safe Firearm Storage

Rowhani-Rahbar, A., Simonetti, J.A., & Rivara, F.P.
Epidemiologic Reviews, 2016

This systematic review found that firearm counseling along with safety device provision can effectively encourage individuals to store their firearms safely.

Peer-Reviewed Article

Effectiveness of Gun-safety Counseling and a Gun Lock Giveaway in a Hispanic Community

Carbone, P.S., Clemens, C.J., & Ball, T.M.
Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 2005

This study examining a predominantly Hispanic pediatric clinic found that a brief gun-safety counseling session along with a gun lock giveaway resulted in improved safe gun storage behaviors.

Peer-Reviewed Article

School-based and Community-based Gun Safety Educational Strategies for Injury Prevention

Holly, C., Porter, S., Kamienski, M., et al.
Health Promotion Practice, 2019

School-based and community-based programs were not found to improve the likelihood that children will not handle firearms in unsupervised situations in this study, highlighting the need for finding better strategies to educate children and families about firearm safety.

Peer-Reviewed Article

Parental Misperceptions About Children and Firearms

Baxley, F., & Miller, M.
Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 2006

This paper, looking at parents' perceptions of their children's firearm access, found that parents are often unaware of their child's handling of firearms in the home.

Peer-Reviewed Article

Firearm Injury Prevention Counseling: Are We Missing the Mark?

Becher, E.C., & Christakis, N.A.
Pediatrics, 1999

This study found that pediatricians often underestimate the likelihood of their patients' families owning gun, making them less likely to engage in a conversation about firearm safety with those families.

Peer-Reviewed Article

Firearm Storage in Gun-owning Households with Children: Results of a 2015 National Survey

Azrael, D. , Cohen, J., Salhi, C., et al.
Journal of Urban Health , 2018

Examining the prevalence of firearms and their storage practices in homes with children, this study found that the percentage of households with a firearm that is kept unlocked and loaded has increased by about 7%, highlighting the need for better efforts in reducing children's' exposure to unsafely stored firearms.

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